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Beach Award Deadline: Sept 15 | WC Young Award Dealine: Oct 1

The Frank Beach Award submission deadline is September 15. The deadline for the WC Young Award is October 1. See the Awards menu for more info.
SBN Says Farewell to Dr. James Goodson (1965 - 2014)

James (Jim) Goodson, winner of the 2004 Frank A. Beach Award and a leader in the study of the neuroendocrinology of sociality, died of cancer August 14, 2014 at the age of 48.

Welcome from the President

SBN President Cheryl Sisk.

Welcome to the website of the Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology (SBN). Since 1996, the SBN has been promoting intellectual exchanges between scientists who have interests in the interactions of the nervous system and the endocrine system on behavior and in the influences of behavior and the environment on neuroendocrine systems. We are an inclusive society with a very diverse membership. Our members are interested in quite an array of behaviors – reproductive behavior, parental behaviors, social behaviors, eating and drinking, responses to stressors, learning and memory, aggression and more, as well as mental health. We are interested in a wide range of species, from simple organisms, like c. elegans to humans and everything in between. We are interested in interactions at the molecular, cellular, and organismic/behavioral level of investigation. We work in laboratories, as well as in the field. Many of our members study natural behaviors, which in turn shed light on behavioral disorders, which often have strong neuroendocrine components. This rich mixture of ideas and approaches can be seen in the Society’s journal, Hormones and Behavior , and can be enjoyed at our vibrant, annual meetings.

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Become a Member of the SBN

The Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology offers four levels of eligibility for prospective members: Regular, Emeritus, Student, or Associate Memberships.

To see which membership class you qualify for, please review the membership eligibility requirements.

For additional information on SBN and the rules of membership, please see the SBN Bylaws.

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Elected Officers

PRESIDENT (2013-2015) Cheryl Sisk

PRESIDENT-ELECT (2013-2015) Elizabeth Adkins-Regan

PAST PRESIDENT (2013-2015) Jeffrey Blaustein

SECRETARY (2013-2015) Zuoxin Wang

TREASURER (2013-2016) Nancy Forger

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Hormones and Behavior

Wednesday, October 01, 2014
Publication date: Available online 28 September 2014
Source:Hormones and Behavior

Author(s): Jan Rillich , Paul A. Stevenson

Social defeat, i.e. losing an agonistic dispute with a conspecific, is followed by a period of suppressed aggressiveness in many animal species, and is generally regarded as a major stressor, which may play a role in psychiatric disorders such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Despite numerous animal models, the mechanisms underlying loser depression and subsequent recovery are largely unknown. This study on crickets is the first to show that a neuromodulator, dopamine (DA), is necessary for recovery of aggression after social defeat. Crickets avoid any conspecific male just after defeat, but regain their aggressiveness over 3hours. This recovery was prohibited after depleting nervous stores of DA and octopamine (OA, the invertebrate analogue of noradrenaline) with α-methyl-tyrosine (AMT). Loser recovery was also prohibited by the insect DA-receptor (DAR) antagonist fluphenazine, but not the OA-receptor (OAR) blocker epinastine, or yohimbine, which blocks receptors for OA's precursor tyramine. Conversely, aggression was restored prematurely in both untreated and amine depleted losers given either chlordimeform (CDM), a tissue permeable OAR-agonist, or the DA-metabolite homovanillyl alcohol (HVA), a component of the honeybee queen mandibular pheromone. As in honeybees, HVA acts in crickets as a DAR-agonist since its aggression promoting effect on losers was selectively blocked by the DAR-antagonist, but not by the OAR-antagonist. Conversely, CDM's aggression promoting effect was selectively blocked by the OAR-antagonist, but not the DAR-antagonist. Hence, only DA is necessary for recovery of aggressiveness after social defeat, although OA can promote loser aggression independently to enable experience dependent adaptive responses.

Wednesday, October 01, 2014
Publication date: Available online 23 September 2014
Source:Hormones and Behavior

Author(s): Molly J. Dickens , George E. Bentley

In seasonal species, glucocorticoid concentrations are often highest during the breeding season. However, the role of increased hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity in the regulation of reproduction remains poorly understood. Our study is the first, to our knowledge, to document reproductive consequences of a non-pharmacological hindrance to seasonal HPA fluctuations. Using wild-caught male and female European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) housed in an outdoor, semi-natural environment, we divided birds into two mixed-sex groups. One group remained in the outdoor aviary, where starlings breed at the appropriate time of year. The other group was transferred into an indoor flight aviary, where we predicted reproductive suppression to occur. We measured changes in corticosterone (CORT) at baseline and stress-induced concentrations prior to group separation and at the experiment’s conclusion. After ten days, the birds showed remarkable differences in breeding behavior and HPA activity. Outdoor birds exhibited increases in baseline and stress-induced CORT and progressed into active breeding (pairing, nest building, egg laying, etc.). In contrast, indoor birds displayed no change in baseline or stress-induced CORT and few signs of active breeding. We found significant sex and treatment effects on expression of HPA and hypothalamic pituitary gonadal (HPG) axis elements, suggesting sex-specific regulatory mechanisms. Our data suggest a novel, facilitating role for the HPA axis in the transition between early breeding and active breeding in a wild, seasonal avian species. In addition, understanding how changes in housing condition affect seasonal HPA fluctuations may help alleviate barriers to breeding wild animals in captivity.

Wednesday, October 01, 2014
Publication date: Available online 22 September 2014
Source:Hormones and Behavior

Author(s): Dean-Chuan Wang , Tsan-Ju Chen , Ming-Lu Lin , Yueh-Tzu Chung , Shih-Chieh Chen

Both the detrimental effects of early life adversity and the beneficial effects of exercise on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis have been reported. Early life exposure to di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP) may impair the development of endocrine system. In this study, we investigated the effects of lactational DEHP exposure on stress responses in late adolescent female rats and examined the protective role of treadmill running. Sprague-Dawley dams were fed with DEHP (10mg/kg per day) or vehicle during lactation. After weaning, the female offspring rats were trained to exercise on a treadmill for 5weeks and then stressed by exploring on an elevated plus maze. The activities of HPA axis were evaluated by measuring the plasma levels of ACTH and corticosterone, the expressions of adrenal enzymes cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme (CYP11A1) and cytochrome P-450 11β-hydroxylase (CYP11B1), and the expression of hypothalamic glucocorticoid receptors (GR). The results demonstrate that DEHP-exposed rats exhibited enhanced anxiety-like behaviors. Increased hypothalamic GR and plasma ACTH levels, but decreased adrenal CYP11A1 and corticosterone levels, were observed in DEHP-exposed animals under stressed condition. Importantly, in DEHP-exposed animals, exercise during childhood-adolescence reduced anxiety-like behaviors by normalizing stress-induced alterations in ACTH level and adrenal CYP11A1 expression. The findings of this study suggest that treadmill running may provide beneficial effects on ameliorating the dysregulation of HPA axis in lactational DEHP-exposed adolescent female rats.

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